Terry Marks-Tarlow

Terry Marks-Tarlow is a clinical psychologist and independent researcher in  private practice in Santa Monica, California. Dr. Marks-Tarlow models  consciousness using nonlinear dynamics.

Anngwyn St. Just

Anngwyn St. Just is a systemically oriented Social Traumatologist who  holds advanced degrees from the Western Institute for Social Research  and the  University of California at Berkeley.

Tobi Zausner

Tobi  Zausner is a research psychologist, a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, a clinician in private practice, and a visual artist. Dr. Zausner investigates the relationship between nonlinear dynamics and human consciousness.


As reality molds consciousness, so does consciousness mold reality. An investigation of the subjective nature of reality reveals a fractal basis for consciousness. While fractals are recognized as size invariant mathematically repeating patterns, this paper investigates an extension of the definition to include metaphorical models of fractals characterized by an equivalency of meaning. Rather than being defined by visual similarity, these fractals share an ontology of meaning. We see this type of fractal clinically in psychological patterns that include repetition compulsions, transference, counter transference, and habitual behaviors, where repeated thoughts and actions create self-similar patterns. The fractal format is also active in our perception of the world because consciousness organizes the stimuli it receives into fractal patterns of recognition. Attempting to categorize new experience through similarities to known experience the brain creates schemas, organizing fractal structures which simultaneously quicken our perceptions of the world yet limit them to what we already know. As we grow and evolve, the ongoing iterations of ourselves create a fractal relationship extending in time rather than space. This temporal rather than spatial extension is found in time crystals, a newly created type of matter that repeats a pattern in time but not in space. Although our reality appears solid and three-dimensional, string theorists like the Princeton physicist Juan Maldacena believe that we are an emergent phenomenon in an illusory world. He theorizes that what we perceive as a three-dimensional world is a holographic projection from a two-dimensional source. Because we never see the actual world but only its recreation in our mind from continuous stimuli impinging upon our senses, it is possible that instead of perceiving what we think is a solid reality, our consciousness is decoding the inverse Fourier transforms of a holographic projection into the illusion of an environment. If this is true, we are not only ephemeral iterations organized by consciousness, but our world also becomes a repeating holographic fractal through time.